"As a country we haven't moved forward as the Institute of Medicine has hoped," McGiffert tells WebMD. ''In 1999, the IOM said we should reduce errors by 50% over five years."
action in 1999, according to a report by Consumers Union.
Measure the problem. In the original report, the IOM called for a Center for Patient Safety to be set up within the federal Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). But while the AHRQ is trying to do this, the efforts are hampered by the lack of reliable reporting of medical errors, according to the Nike Air Max 90 Id Ideas
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Even the 100,000 figure is an estimate, she says, because there is no centralized system for tracking and monitoring medical harm.
Measuring Progress Since 1999In the new report, McGiffert and her colleagues looked at four key recommendations made by the IOM in 1999 to make health care safer. Here are the original recommendations, and the progress or lack thereof as assessed by Consumers Union, which publishes Consumer Reports:
Implement safe medication practices. To reduce the 1.5 million preventable medication errors annually, the IOM recommended stronger oversight by the FDA, such as looking at safety issues linked with similarly named drugs and with packaging and labeling as well as conducting post market surveillance to detect risk in drugs already approved. But progress is lacking, the report says. While the FDA reviews new drug names for confusion, few are actually changed, it contends. And just 17% of hospitals use computerized physician order entry systems, according to a 2008 survey, even though the systems have been shown to reduce drug errors. No reliable system is available nationally to disclose medication errors by facility, the report says.
report. In its most recent report, issued this month, the AHRQ reported that patient safety declined by about 1% a year in the six years after the 1999 report.
The report triggered a flurry of activity, including congressional hearings, introduction of legislative bills, and promises of reform. The estimate of 100,000 deaths is drawn from more recent data from the CDC.
Create accountability through transparency. In the original report, the IOM recommended two national reporting systems for medical errors: one voluntary that would be confidential to help health care providers learn from mistakes and another mandatory 2017 Air Max 90 that would make mistakes public. Progress has been made mainly with the voluntary system, says McGiffert. ''The public has not been given the information to know whether we are safer now than we were then," she says. She notes that 24 states don't have any medical error reporting systems in place; most that do don't publicize facility specific information to the public.
Deadly Medical Errors Still Plague U
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